polemical adj : of or involving dispute or controversy [syn: polemic]
of, or relating to argument or controversy; polemic or contentious
- German: polemisch
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious
- German: polemisch
Polemics () is the practice of disputing or controverting religious, philosophical, or political matters. As such, a polemic text on a topic is often written specifically to dispute or refute a position or theory that is widely viewed to be beyond reproach. The antonym of a polemic source is an apologia.
Polemic journalism was common in continental Europe when libel laws weren't stringent. The Research Support Libraries Programme "Pamphlet and polemic: pamphlets as a guide to the controversies of the 17th-19th centuries", co-managed by the University of St. Andrews, the University of Aberdeen, and University of Wales Lampeter, collected and placed thousands of pamphlets on-line as a study of polemic rhetoric of that era. There are other meanings of the word as well. Polemic is also a branch of theology, pertaining to the history or conduct of ecclesiastical controversy.
The word is derived from the Greek word polemikos (πολεμικως) which means "warlike", "hostile". Plato uses a character named Polemarchus in his dialogue Republic as a vehicle to drive forward an ethical debate.
polemical in Danish: Polemik
polemical in German: Polemik
polemical in Spanish: Polémica
polemical in French: Polémique
polemical in Indonesian: Polemik
polemical in Italian: Polemica
polemical in Dutch: Polemiek
polemical in Norwegian: Polemikk
polemical in Polish: Polemika
polemical in Portuguese: Polémica
polemical in Romanian: Polemică
polemical in Russian: Полемика
polemical in Slovak: Polemika
polemical in Finnish: Polemiikki
polemical in Swedish: Polemik
aggressive, argumental, argumentative, bellicose, belligerent, bickering, cat-and-dog, cat-and-doggish, combative, contentious, controversial, dialectic, disputatious, divisive, eristic, factional, factious, ill-humored, irascible, irritable, litigious, logomachic, partisan, pilpulistic, polarizing, polemic, pro and con, pugnacious, quarrelsome, scrappy, shrewish, wrangling